techniques of cooperative learning with examples

Material on this page is offered under a Teacher poses a question related to the lesson 2. Selecting appropriate assessment techniques II: types of teacher-made assessments. Students think … One of my first experiments with cooperative learning was to let my students work in groups of their own -, Runaway Greenhouse Effect Exercise part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Role Playing:Examples This site has a collection of role-playing exercises that provide the students with equations and data to use in collaborative problem-solving. Some of the more commonly used techniques include: Jigsaw, Learning Together, Numbered Heads Together, Reciprocal Teaching, STAD (Student Teams-Achievement Divisions), Talking Chips, and Think-Pair-Share. These questions can be used to create tests or exams. When Spencer Kagan designed the structures of his proposal for cooperative learning, he thought of four basic principles that we should always keep in mind if we want to put it into practice. Cooperative learning is an instructional strategy that enables small groups of students to work together on a common assignment. Students who participate in cooperative learning lessons have opportunities to build their self-confidence (again if planned efficiently and effectively by the teacher). There are lots of ways to use cooperative learning in your classroom. This can help students who struggle to have higher-level students mixed with lower-level students so that peer learning and coaching is incorporated. Students work together on academic tasks in small groups to help themselves and their teammates learn together. Technique Process Think-Ink -Pair-Share 1. In the one room schoolhouse of the 1800s and early 1900s, students of all ages worked on their own learning goals. The difference between cooperative learning and collaborative learning is that, in cooperative learning, participants are responsible for a specific section of their own learning and success, and also that of the group as a whole. However, not all group work provides equal opportunities for learning for all members of the group. 1. You can use them "as is" or let them serve as models for you to develop your own. The parameters often vary, as students can work collaboratively on a variety of problems, ranging from simple math problems to large assignments such as proposing environmental solutions on a national level. Transnational Pollution: Why Are You Dumping on Me? An Activity to Introduce the Geoscience Perspective. Formal cooperative learning groups provide the foundation for all other cooperative learning procedures. something to do. The students will summarize the issue in a mock debate or a presentation. Cooperative learning is an instructional strategy that enables small groups of students to work together on a common assignment. Creative Commons license unless otherwise noted below. When the cooperative learning group completes the learning task, the teacher evaluates the results. Ask all learning teams to complete a series of simple tasks-make one 3" by 3" square of white paper, a three colored flag, a 4-link chain, a team logo, determine a team signal or handshake, etc. Students are assigned roles within the group so that they can divide and conquer the learning task at hand. At the end the group with the most reptiles written down is rewarded. Use of cooperative groups can allow for differentiation of instruction, depending on how the teacher decides to establish them. A well known cooperative learning technique is the Jigsaw, Jigsaw II and Reverse Jigsaw. Cooperative learning techniques. Cooperative learning methods organize the little groups with the objective of establishing the ties and requirements necessary for cooperation. Cooperative Exercises and Examples. If you’re looking for a new brainstorming strategy … Cooperative Education Examples Work-study (federally subsidized campus employment) in the later twentieth century became a formal and major component of Student financial aid in the United States. The agency needs to understand the ... Geologic Puzzles: Morrison Formation part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Interactive Lectures:Examples Images of faulted strata, tilted turbidites, and beach rocks bring the field into the classroom, giving students practice in doing what geoscientists do. Cooperative learning is a generic term for various small group interactive instructional procedures. -, What Should We Do About Global Warming? They are structured through pre-instructional decisions, setting the task and thecooperative structure, monitoring the groups while they work and intervening to improve taskwork and teamwork, and evaluating student learning and processing group functioning This keeps the group on task and establishes an unambiguous purpose. Teachers who are effective at evaluating the group together as one understand that each person in the group has a “shared” responsibility. For example, the reporter is responsible for sharing out the new learnings of the task. If you train your students to work effectively in groups, the results can be a very productive and fun learning environment. Free for students, parents and educators. 20 Collaborative Learning Tips And Strategies For Teachers. Cooperative learning principles and techniques are tools which we teachers use to encourage mutual helpfulness in the groups and the active participation of all members. These links will take you to other areas of the Starting Point site with resources that can be adapted using the techniques of cooperative learning. This can be easily adapted into most classrooms by asking students to collaborate with an “elbow” partner or person close by. part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Peer Review:Examples, Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience, Greenhouse Emissions Reduction Role-Play Exercise, Determining the Geologic History of Rocks from a Gravel Deposit, 2004 Asian Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Project, Reducing Volcanic Hazards to People and Property - An Assignment with Electronic Peer Review. Cooperative Learning in Lesson Planning 32 Handout E Handout F 6. Students who work in groups and collaborate (talk, plan etc.) Cooperative learning and English language learners go together. One common strategy that teachers use is called pair-share. Answering Questions: Create a policy where if a group member has a question they must ask the group first before asking the teacher. © 2020 K-12 Teachers Alliance. part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Role Playing:Examples The purpose of this lesson is to familiarize students with the different types of transnational pollution, by having them role-play in a hypothetical disaster on the Danube River. -, Transnational Pollution: Why Are You Dumping on Me? Think Pair Share Group work in the educational context generally involves a small number of students working together to achieve a task. Use a Timer: Give students a predetermined time for completing the task. 4. Cooperative learning is when students work together in a group setting. Greenhouse Emissions Reduction Role-Play Exercise part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Role Playing:Examples When the science is so clear, why is it so difficult to make agreements that will reduce our impact on climate change? Students who learn how to collaborate through cooperative learning can become adults who work together more effectively in the work place. Cooperative Learning Strategies If you would like to read more about these strat… In comparison with methods, cooperative learning techniques are simple structures, which do not usually require initial training for students and can be used to create short situations of cooperation. rubric). These questions can be used to create tests or exams. CLICK THE LINK!http://tidd.ly/69da8562 . Short URL: https://serc.carleton.edu/10846. This is an affiliate link. A quad, or student group of four, can allow for four different students, with four different thoughts, to build on decision-making skills while improving their socialization. Using consistent lesson plan formats for each of the cooperative-learning lessons can help ensure that the student groups really learn the material well. In general, cooperative learning methods share the … Cooperative Learning Techniques in Practice 28 Handout D 5. For many students, this leads to greater retention and engagement in what is being learned. Cooperative learning lessons that are planned out efficiently can allow for growth in student decision-making. Before we get into the examples of cooperative learning strategies that we are going to watch a short video on YouTube which will go through, in details information about four Cooperative Learning Strategies: Think/Pair/Share, Jigsaw, Numbered Heads Together, and Tea Party Method. Cooperative learning techniques can be based on standard formats or variations of them. -, An Activity to Introduce the Geoscience Perspective part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Role Playing:Examples This role-playing exercise introduces students to geology by having them examine rocks from the perspective of a child, a sculptor, a geologist or someone from another walk of life. Teachers who plan cooperative lessons often use small groups or quads (groups of 4). Benefits and applicability of cooperative learning: Students demonstrate academic achievement Cooperative learning is more elaborate than group work activity. Cooperative learning-run classrooms can also assist teachers in working with students who have wider skill gaps. reporter, spokesperson, researcher, recorder). This can arguably be a great advantage for a teacher with a classroom of 30 students. Some Examples of Collaborative Learning Techniques: Think/Write, Pair, Share: The think/write, pair, share strategy is a cooperative learning technique that encourages individual participation and is applicable across all grade levels and class sizes. Teachers often refer to this strategy as “think-pair-share”. The task is assigned by the teacher with clear directions. Cooperative learning is so effective because it is structured, creates a classroom community, is a sustained approach, enhances students’ communication skills, encourages a growth mindset, balances interdependence with individual accountability, and responds to classroom diversity. Cooperative Learning: 7 Free Jigsaw Activities for Your Students Introduction. However, not all group work provides equal opportunities for learning for all members of the group. Cooperative Learning Techniques in Practice 28 Handout D 5. Effective collaborative learning involves the establishment of group goals, as well as individual accountability. What is Cooperative Learning? Several strategies for teachers to use that involve cooperative or group learning include pair-share, small groups (quads), and mixed skill groupings. All of the mentioned techniques require planning and coordination on the part of the teacher. Cooperative learning uses groups to help children learn with the support, encouragement and, at times, instruction of their peers. Cooperative Learning Strategies to Use in the Classroom. Establish clear group goals. -, Reducing Volcanic Hazards to People and Property - An Assignment with Electronic Peer Review part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Peer Review:Examples This electronic peer review exercise has students discuss the major volcanic hazards and risks to humans. From there, you might ask students to get together in small groups to discuss the lists, or to select the one that they can all agree on. Cooperative Learning has been proven to be effective for all types of students, including academically gifted, mainstream students and English language learners (ELLs) because it promotes learning and fosters respect and friendships among diverse groups of students. The parameters often vary, as students can work collaboratively on a variety of problems, ranging from simple math problems to large assignments such as proposing environmental solutions on a national level. Other Cooperative Learning Techniques - Think, Pair, Share 40 Handout G 7. Below, you can browse through examples of cooperative learning that have already been developed. This activity provides an opportunity for observing and discussing cooperative learning team resources. For example, the reporter is responsible for sharing out the new learnings of the task. Every one of these items are used in t Students can each make one on their own. -. Combine this technique with a number of the other techniques and you can have a powerful cooperative learning structure. Allowing students to independently work in small groups gives teachers the opportunity to work with those individuals on targeted gaps. For example, the students may be asked to write as many reptile names as they can. These principles can be seen in the cooperative learning technique "Everyone Can Explain" that can be used, for example, in an ESL/EFL reading class. Make math learning fun and effective with Prodigy Math Game. This type of cooperative learning can easily be used in the science classroom. All rights reserved. Methods can be matched to the content to be taught. Because of this, teachers have to work really hard to make sure that all students working in cooperative groups have a part in the task. Cooperative learning is so effective because it is structured, creates a classroom community, is a sustained approach, enhances students’ communication skills, encourages a growth mindset, balances interdependence with individual accountability, and responds to classroom diversity. 4. Cooperative Learning Techniques . Among the easy to implement structures are Think-Pair-Share, Think-Pair-Write, variations of Round Robin, and the Reciprocal Teaching Technique. Adapting Cooperative Learning for Diverse Learners: Giving students with special needs and varying backgrounds the opportunity to work collaboratively to achieve a team goal is perhaps the most beneficial aspect of cooperative learning. • (Example: A teacher displays a picture and asks what are various food At that time, cooperative learning was considered cutting edge compared to the preferred format of individual student learning. In fact, the more diversity in a team, the higher the benefits for each student. Cooperative learning is a generic term for various small group interactive instructional procedures. Students are assigned roles within the group so that they can divide and conquer the learning task at hand. Categories include: discussion, reciprocal teaching, graphic organizers, writing and problem solving. If each student sitting in the group isn’t held responsible for helping complete their portion of the learning task, then it isn’t truly “cooperative learning”. In fact, the more diversity in a team, the higher the benefits for each student. Cooperative learning has also been found to increase attendance, time on task, enjoyment of school and classes, motivation, and independence. In some cases, each group member is individually accountable for part of the task; in other cases, group members work together without formal role assignments. Collaborative learning is a method of teaching and learning in which students team together to explore a significant question or create a meaningful project. Online learning has been an educational option, especially in…. Teacher lessons that include positive, active student collaboration are planned out with clear directions and expectations for students. 2. Research findings on cooperative techniques in the classroom can be summarized as follows: compared with other methods, cooperative learning produces greater academic learning, better intergroup relations among black, white, and Hispanic students, enhanced self-esteem, and improved relationships between mainstreamed academically handicapped students and normal-progress students. Receive the latest in education news and lesson plans via email. In some cases, each group member is individually accountable for part of the task; in other cases, group members work together without formal role assignments. Students think … To promote healthy self-esteem Develop adequate social skills Develop oral communication skills Members of the group are responsible for each In fact, cooperative learning is a type of collaborative learning, which is why at first glance, the two might seem similar. Students have sufficient time to think and ink (could be writing or drawing depending on course content) Cooperative Learning, sometimes called small-group learning, is an instructional strategy in which small groups of students work together on a common task. The task can be as simple as solving a multi-step math problem together, or as complex as developing a design for a new kind of school. Young people need the socialization, and cooperative learning lessons greatly enhance this. responses gain some type of recognition. Common problems When Using Cooperative Learning 43 Handout H References This activity is part of the On the Cutting Edge Exemplary Teaching Activities collection. There are lots of ways to use cooperative learning in your classroom. To take this activity a step further, ask students to write down their questions and hand them in. Cooperative learning techniques can be based on standard formats or variations of them. Cooperative learning represents a major change from teacher-fronted instruction and, This is an affiliate link. Cooperative Learning Techniques . These images are examples of geologic puzzles. In the 1940s, education reformers like John Dewey began to analyze the benefits of students working together in the classroom. Ask each student to write his/her name on one side of the card. ad-hoc groups of two to four students work together for brief periods in a class Among the many existing techniques, we offer a selection of twelve of them below, retrieved from: Duran, D. (2012). In general, cooperative learning methods share the … Cooperative learning is a classroom instruction presentation model that involves students working together to meet their learning goals in learning teams or groups. Many students are timid or shy and in a whole-group setting can often be leery of sharing their thoughts, questions, or answers. In fact, cooperative learning is a type of collaborative learning, which is why at first glance, the two might seem similar. This activity has been selected for inclusion in the CLEAN collection. Why implement coopertaive learning? part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Interactive Lectures:Examples. Examples of cooperative and collaborative learning . When it comes to cooperative learning techniques, I was surprised to learn that the jigsaw strategy has been used for over 30 years in the classroom. Positive interdependence: This is achieved by fulfilling the responsibility of carrying out the assigned task individually. Determining the Geologic History of Rocks from a Gravel Deposit part of Examples Gravels deposited as a result of continental glaciation are used to teach introductory-level earth-science students the application of the scientific method in a cooperative learning mode which utilizes hands-on, ... 2004 Asian Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Project part of Examples Students are employees of a unit of the United Nations responsible for coordinating disaster relief after a major disaster (the 2004 Asian Earthquake and Tsunami) occurs. The students work through a given piece of work as a group until all group members successfully understand and complete it. There are so many best practice strategies to consider when using the cooperative learning approach in the classroom. Some of the more commonly used techniques include: Jigsaw, Learning Together, Numbered Heads Together, Reciprocal Teaching, STAD (Student Teams-Achievement Divisions), Talking Chips, and Think-Pair-Share. Cooperative Learning in Lesson Planning 32 Handout E Handout F 6. Sign up today! Teachers who plan cooperative lessons often use small groups or quads (groups of 4). Examples of cooperative and collaborative learning . Students have sufficient time to think and ink (could be writing or drawing depending on course content) Teachers who use this method see the value in cooperation, teamwork, and collaboration as a major part of their classrooms. MAKE YOUR OWN WHITEBOARD ANIMATIONS. Challenges Students with ADHD Face Remotely Unfortunately, with the times that we are…, Have you ever heard the quote, “You’ve gotta Maslow before you Bloom?” The…, The holiday season is a time for “peace on Earth.” One small contribution…, What are Virtual Platforms? While we have talked about some of these previously, this lesson will focus on more detail about how to do them, not just want they look like. They have to reassure them and hold them accountable. For example, clap two times, raise your hand, ring a bell, etc. …class, including coordinators, instructor’s desk pads, cutters, leader, glue sticks, scissors, pencils, and also examination web pages. Focused Listing Cooperative Learning Strategy. As a matter of fact, they’re fundamental elements of this type of learning. Free for students, parents and educators. Sign up today! Make a poster, chart, or some other type of graphic organizer that lists and details the supportive techniques for cooperative learning. Common problems When Using Cooperative Learning 43 Handout H References Double Entry Journal Another collaborative learning example involves creating a double entry journal can be completed with a pair of students. Teachers who use cooperative learning groups also have some flexibility to pull small groups and work with individual students or small ability groups during the lesson time. Group work in the educational context generally involves a small number of students working together to achieve a task. Does every student in the group have a role or responsibility? Show terms of use for text on this page », Show terms of use for media on this page », rock cycle, hydrologic cycle, carbon cycle and nitrogen cycle, part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Role Playing:Examples. Many modern workplaces call for employees who are capable of making decisions while working with “teams” vs. working in isolation. The term "cooperative learning" covers the subset of active learning activities which students do as groups of three or more, rather than alone or in pairs; generally, cooperative learning techniques employ more formally structured groups of students assigned complex tasks, such as multiple-step exercises, research projects, or presentations. True cooperative learning involves more than just having students sit together in groups. Also, the entire group must agree on the answers and strategies they want to use in order to achieve a specific goal. 1. Cooperative Learning. Cooperative learning is an active pedagogy that fosters higher academic achievement. Technique Process Think-Ink -Pair-Share 1. Cooperative learning can be incorporated into your classroom management system. When used in combination with individual learning assignments, cooperative learning can enhance classroom instruction and make learning more social and fun for students. Cooperative Learning. Several strategies for teachers to use that involve cooperative or group learning include pair-share, small groups (quads), and mixed skill groupings. CLICK THE LINK!http://tidd.ly/69da8562 . Cooperative learning techniques can be loosely categorized by the skill that each enhances (Barkley, Cross and Major, 2005), although it is important to recognize that many cooperative learning exercises can be developed to fit within multiple categories. There are so many best practice strategies to consider when using the cooperative learning approach in the classroom. In the classroom, a cooperative learning lesson involves students working in small groups to accomplish a learning task. in School Administration, Remote Teaching Strategies for Students with ADHD, Teaching Emotional Regulation to Students, Holiday Books for Kids That Promote Inclusivity and Understanding, How to Engage Young Learners in Reading on Virtual Platforms. The term "cooperative learning" covers the subset of active learning activities which students do as groups of three or more, rather than alone or in pairs; generally, cooperative learning techniques employ more formally structured groups of students assigned complex tasks, such as multiple-step exercises, research projects, or presentations. It was designed by Johns Hopkins researcher Robert Slavin's 1 group to utilize cooperative learning and other techniques in helping children learn to read. Cooperative learning then means a lesson where the students work together in small groups to maximize their own and each other’s learning. Hundreds of techniques have been created into structures to use in any content area. Cooperative Learning has been proven to be effective for all types of students, including academically gifted, mainstream students and English language learners (ELLs) because it promotes learning and fosters respect and friendships among diverse groups of students. The cooperative and collaborative learning techniques presented here should help make this possible for teachers. Students place note cards from their team stack (with student name face down) in the center of the team. Give each student a 3X5 note card. -, Mock Environmental Summit part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Role Playing:Examples At the end of a six-week class or unit on global warming, students role-play representatives from various countries and organizations at an international summit on global warming. Teacher poses a question related to the lesson 2. are more likely to build on their decision-making skills. There are many benefits for classroom instruction when cooperative learning strategies are done correctly. Students can discuss a question or topic, and then share with the whole class. When done well, cooperative learning involves planning with clear directions, student work roles, and outcomes and measures for learning goals. These links will take you to other areas of the Starting Point site with resources that can be adapted using the techniques of cooperative learning. Make math learning fun and effective with Prodigy Math Game. Often quads are divided into mixed skill groups. Selecting appropriate assessment techniques II: types of teacher-made assessments. It is a constructivist model of learning; as a result, it requires the students to explore information and puts students at the center of learning process (Wadsworth, 1996). Some Examples of Collaborative Learning Techniques: Think/Write, Pair, Share: The think/write, pair, share strategy is a cooperative learning technique that encourages individual participation and is applicable across all grade levels and class sizes. Reviewing journal articles: You may want to create interdependence by assigning several articles and give different ones to different group members. Students then work on the task together with defined roles (i.e. Cooperative Learning CL is a learning method that enables students to work in groups of four to six and interdependently create their own learning (Slavin, 1987). Cooperative learning Methods can be matched to the content to be taught. Is the teacher roaming the classroom during the lesson, asking key questions to check for student understanding and to make sure that they are hearing and seeing all students participate? This cooperative learning tool allows students to provide constructive feedback to team members. Individual responsi… Although this description may make the requirements for cooperative learning sound somewhat precise, there are actually a variety of ways to implement it in practice. part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Role Playing:Examples This module contains an 8-lesson curriculum to study greenhouse gases and global warming using data and visualizations. UNEQUAL RESOURCES. Cooperative learning To take this activity a step further, ask students to write down their questions and hand them in. The task can be as simple as solving a multi-step math problem together, or as complex as developing a design for a new kind of school. Other Cooperative Learning Techniques - Think, Pair, Share 40 Handout G 7.

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