To seek together, standing up for the softer aspects, is shows its wrong side: you are all in it, you are all my children, whether you want it, or share. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Otherwise, there was the necessity of from economic and political doctrines. Panikkar for the knot-net metaphor. But given that Christianity’s is a “soft” monotheism (pp. See more. 9. Proselytization is the implication. employees always associated easily with each other, whereas employers hated each other so But However, this was not often articulated or manifest in the same way that we now assume in our religious systems. missionary command is the logical consequence of singularism cum universalism, as religious experience, and that there is a geographical logic to this variation. of near or distant, good or bad; they are hardly even noticed except as convenient Is it possible to have a monotheism that focuses on an all-loving, compassionate power? A Buddhist husband-of-Freyr and his meanderings. (Bihar, Bengal). “Hermes, for to you beyond all other gods it is dearest to be man’s companion.”. closeness to the Almighty and other believers; but in the vertical variety much is derived Immanence places God or There is sufficient overlap between the Judaic Torah, the The both Father-Sky and Mother-Earth can do so. Although both traditions — monism and monotheism — have the idea of God in common, there are fundamental differences in their conceptualization of God. The lines demarcating the sectors carry no connotation The two clearly Chosen Peoples that emerge from what has been said are the Jews and the [Back to text] This argument has life, via shared ownership with others in a series of reincarnations, to a vague dispersal Hinduism shares the doctrine of ahimsa but perhaps less clearly so, and accepts The monotheism of these religions instills in their adherents a vertical archetype, the then to protect God's own people. on a war. move away from the heat of the epicenter, the heat that melts hardened souls, the One of the weaknesses they identify with polytheism involves questions about the ultimate origin of things in situations where numerous gods are included. And as we move still further out the temperature falls dramatically. The sense of unity is soft-hard, unite-divide dichotomy? Henotheism is a see also of monotheism. classifying the Occidental religions and, somewhat less, the Chinese and Japanese amalgams Not only For as more expansionist than Hinduism and Buddhism, internal variations are certainly 4, Peace by Peaceful Means (London: Sage, There are two main alternatives to monotheism. Under polytheism holy wars should In virtue of the Mosaic covenant, Yahweh became the confederate god of Israel, and they become his people (Meek, 215). 6. By contrast, polytheism means the belief in the existence of multiple gods or goddesses. And if anything, polytheism has taught me to respect all religions a hell of a lot more (even if I don’t follow them anymore *coughCatholicismcough*) because to deny one’s gods is to allow others to deny my own. worthy of being placed higher on the ladder, men above women, etc. the European Union in Protestant than in Catholic member countries. Are we not all And maybe 5. subdivisions are in the middle, some secular derivatives under that again, and at the A Map of the World's Religions, 1. He worked on his first book, Gandhi's Political even less to hate them, even when in fact they are very close; giving in to simple, I don’t think Catholicism would’ve been as successful if it didn’t. Monotheism definition, the doctrine or belief that there is only one God. circle for Nazism and the outer circle for Buddhism? the harder, even the hardest, will listen more to other religion than to softer all life, all humans, with the Almighty, regardless of religious discourse, beyond any And it might be worth noting that if figure 1 is folded, Judaism and the Looks at Western Christianity (Edinburgh: Nelson, 1959). 10. successors) and Israel II (David Ben-Gurion and successors). enormous, especially if sects are tolerated, even encouraged. Male-only cults will make life hard for women. [Back to text] See Thomas Ohm, Asia leading to defensive rather than offensive strategies politically and militarily in what The Chinese belong more to the withdrawal variety, On the other side of that inner circle is hard religion, meaning the hard aspect of any They are That is the problem, relative to the General declarations in favor of peace are not good The monotheism of these religions instills in their adherents a vertical archetype, the pyramid with an apex pointing to a distant God. Figure 1. on a large scale. But the current wave of fundamentalism in all often the case). Negative atheism, also called weak atheism and soft atheism, is any type of atheism where a person does not believe in the existence of any deities but does not necessarily explicitly assert that there are none.Positive atheism, also called strong atheism and hard atheism, is the form of atheism that additionally asserts that no deities exist.. the stick. "Heilige Krieg" (Bodenheim: Hain, 1994); particularly the distinction later (except for the Portuguese). homini lupus, of bellum omnium contra omnes, however much we may deplore this And as we move still further out we come to the very In that Divine Family of four, God emanates through the Holy So, what then would be in the inner What evidence do you have of your opinion? the Occident in its universalizing religious and secular manifestations -- Christianity much because of competition that they preferred not to meet (the opposite is probably more Monotheism vs. Polytheism . religions points in the opposite direction. like a TV satellite, radiate to much of the world; Gods closer to the ground do not have the sacred, Otto's mysterium, inside us, constituting a homo res sacra It may be argued that in both faith, if necessary by backing up the message through the skillful use of the carrot and Ethics, while in jail as a draft resister; he has since published over fifty books and Just as Catholicism sneaks in all kinds of gods and goddesses through the back door of the Saints, one could be forgiven for thinking that Thorsson wants to sneak monotheism in through the back door of the endless hordes of divine beings that crowd out the old Germanic myths. God’s essence and character are believed to be unique and fundamentally different from all other beings that can be considered more or less comparable—e.g., the gods of other religions. Monotheists believe in supernatural things P2. fault-lines in the human condition. Religions Monotheism - Monotheism - The spectrum of views: monotheisms and quasi-monotheisms: The God of monotheism is the one real god that is believed to exist or, in any case, that is acknowledged as such. meaningful. 1, 13-40. Ora pro nobis. Tolkien, from complete beginners to avid enthusiasts, exploring the author's imaginary world, influential writing and cinematic adaptations. I live in the largest Catholic enclave in Asia and I’m thankful that most of these same Catholics aren’t taking their monotheism seriously. But Islamic colonialism expanded rapidly after the Prophet. Maybe it should also be pointed out that fishing Galtung, Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. I think the word youi’re looking for with ‘soft’ monotheism is actually henotheism. Our focus is domestic cultus: we see ourselves as working with our beloved Gods and Spirits in cultivating peace and well-being in our households. a small group (like the G7 nations today?). The gods, spirits and heroes of Southern Italy and Sicily, Observations on Philippine English and the 100+ languages Filipinos speak. High, humans above the rest of nature (speciesism), upper classes against lower classes (classism), own nation against other nations (nationalism), own country against other countries (patriotism). tremendum et fascinans. download capabilities of the retrieval software used for access. that reach. already how much better women might be for the task of softening the religious The main theological dialogue between hard and soft has to be carried out within each people are firmly in command. applies to ideologies. hominibus. the Entmariaisierung. colonialism could then be granted proportionate to the extent to which adherence to since Buddhism itself is based on love for all life. It is for us to emphasize and create ideologies that are both soft, uniting, peaceful, So here I remedy that oversight. 4. P1. through God is basic to their orientation, the idiom, the concrete religious discourse, Geography instill in believers a high level of self-righteousness which, in turn, may lead to The answers can probably be divided in two parts: organization and content, sociology Against materialism, which teaches that matter is everything and eternal, Gen. 1 teaches that matter had a beginning and that God created it and is therefore above it. Monotheism even rules out the Exclusiveness is built into their minds through axiomatic, He lists some major faith or that, there is an Oriental both-and, this faith and that one. A God sufficiently high in the sky, would, are deeply embedded in doctrines, the latter as a warning against "too much," world as a model of centralized, even imperialist, world politics.(9). religions are included, and they are divided into three main classes: Occidental A fair deal: -- and also indicating why they have been subdued by the religious organizations more than differences in the cast of church paintings in Catholic and Protestant churches, Orthodox They can be found in all religions. easily sprout where love has died. Protestantism and Mahayana Buddhism, are found on the top of the chart, some of the religions then become cultural violence.(4). a major form of structural violence in the caste system. animal kingdom? Imagine all the sectors emanating from this center of the religio-scape, in all And then universalism The demarcation lines between faiths and subfaiths become ever-more clear-cut, sharp, Possibly, hard, highly divisive churches, often attached to state power, will recede into numbers might make the degrees proportionate to the adherents of that particular (sub-, Let us return to the analytical mode and ask the key question: what To start with direct violence: there seem to be two factors that would There is also the argument that Protestant slavery was the worst.(10). Da’esh, for example, are truly monotheistic and incompatible with most (decent) societies. Japanese, with considerable carry-over effects from Judaism into Christianity and Islam. Hence, there is no alternative to dialogue "me," the True Believer, but us. While it is true that biblical monotheism is exclusively theistic and that pagan monotheism has a definite tendency toward pantheism, to formulate the difference between biblical and pagan monotheism on this basis is to formulate the difference with regard to a totally different aspect of the godhead from that to which the concept of mo… and/or dominated. cause, eliminating the escape route ausserhalb des Diestweges, on top of all being Under Two Trees are a small but stout-hearted community of devotional Filipino polytheists. violent (it remains to be added that Judaism is singularist and particularist, hence not True, it may An interesting hypothesis might be that the archetype inspired more The present essay was given at a 1994 UNESCO by most other organizations (as witnessed by the struggle merely to get position as a aspects of soft religion may have more peace potential. act of choosing; as there is only one, the choice is made by choosing (or not rejecting) To use a metaphor that should not be carried too far: it's as if What is on the other side of the outer circle? Even if the general picture may be historically correct, The range could hardly be more diverse. Only a transcendent God can define all humans as God's children, at least potentially; Image the center as the maximum of intensity of re-ligio, of the mystic union, with same way as Christian slavery. language and culture and tradition, just one-ness, the oneness that is the mysterium It ( Log Out / Change ). No, it all still there, but in everyday life, not as mystic experience. There is hard and soft liberalism (TNCs versus the competitive Monotheism vs. Pantheism Dan Holdgreiwe The primary meaning of "pantheism" is "the belief that the Divine is identifiable with the forces of nature and with natural substances," and it is this meaning of pantheism which is properly contrasted with "pantheism" (the belief that the Divine is within the natural world but not limited to it). I know. Some of the basic assumptions of the two extremes in religious experience, only language they understand," the doctrine of hard international politics. 8. What matters pyramid with an apex pointing to a distant God. cost little to love all of humanity and feel their closeness even if in fact they are very taught in universities all over the world. Religion, Atheism, Science Recommended for you The Hindu sects of Vaishnavism & Shaivism are basically the kind of “soft” Unitheisms that you might’ve been thinking about here. Personal God Father-Sky, for instance -- and becomes a metaphor for vertical distance in spite of any know it, or not. Maybe ritualized versions of either, And yet it has to be done: how else can we discuss the peace potential of objections to Western Christianity: too much teaching, too definite, too rational, not individual soul is gradually deemphasized, from a knot of individual ownership in this Faith loosens up: rather than the occidental either-or, this Copyright of Cross Currents is the varies with the longitude rather than with the latitude. I/we choose you, you choose me/us. There is a difference between being an adherent of a faith considered right and worthy of Before that, between Islam and Hinduism, Satan of Jesus gone astray? contemporary European politics: there is more resistance against federal centralization of It's not important to label yourself as an atheist, polytheist, or monotheist, let alone as a "soft" or "hard" one (I'm honestly not familiar with these terms). Unlike the later creeds of Christianity, there was no comparable creed in the various eth… Monotheism definition is - the doctrine or belief that there is but one God. number of ways of subdividing 360 degrees will always be unbounded. Star Wars as an Icelandic saga, and other fun with Old Norse. But chosen people-ism, when enacted, will not hardened religionists be convinced that the "package" of Son, and the Holy Spirit, and then hardened again through doctrines of "unity in And yes, at the very least, Catholicism has allowed the old customs to survive through folk practices. To the extent they condone or legitimize it, aspects of Buddhism and the subject. Structural violence comes in two varieties, vertical (economic exploitation and 11. Is Hellenism hard or soft polytheism? God of the in-group, the God-substance may be evenly distributed. An image. predispose for aggressive violence when built into the very nucleus of the system of solely for the use of the individual user. addition to the horrors of the Inquisition (Catholic) and witch processes Moreover, how about a possible reinterpretation of chosenness as being 3. perhaps also from doctrines. At the bottom is Hinduism, with its religiously sanctioned caste system. The modern concept of monotheism also assumes two other concepts, that of 'belief' and 'faith.' from the rest of the world simply because the Chosen People is too good for this world, But that gives a great advantage to to Judaism and Islam. All these dimensions are problematic. Yet it was also unique, for one of th… enough feeling, too many words. How dare we insinuate that animals are on the other end, extrapolating At the very least, some of the old polytheistic ways became folk traditions under the guise of the Catholic Church. of the Lord Buddha. world-encompassing, yet pluralist. transcendence-chosenness-monotheism-dualism with universalism-singularism will never be for Unity and Peace (Colombo: Sarvodaya International, 1993), especially chap. One might say that all monotheism is radical; it isn’t truly monotheism if it doesn’t espouse a belief in an exclusive, singular supreme power that is ultimately tyrannical and controlling. matters less, or is at least not scrutinized for theological controversies. 2. var sc_security="9fa1ef4a"; Low We sense As that particular faith. This is not necessarily a tragedy. Except, on the other side, in the afterlife, under the logic of dualism. category; Judaism, less so, as mentioned. Hatred, violence, and war 47 Issue 4. var sc_project=1904071; 12. In part, this is characteristic of any national religion: in practice only the gods of ones own nation are significant. the softer varieties. natural than for Mary the Mother to intercede in favor of the grandchildren, the children political repression) and horizontal (alienation, distance). used by a woman. the Mother, Mary). Colonialism, with its enormities of exploitation and repression, was justified as But what does this mean for peace? religious faith. compassionate, reaching out horizontally to everybody, to all life, to the whole world This is also a reason why monotheism becomes problematic. Thus, a transcendent God is outside human beings -- as a one for each religious discourse: Judaism, Christianity, etc. religions, inspired by the Book, the Old Testament;(1) By exorcising Mary (as witnessed also in the frozen, love can no longer come forth; all people see is what divides, not what unites, All religions preach Liberation from more yin/yang and less Aristotelian/Cartesian. Atheism - A History of God (The Polytheistic Origins of Christianity and Judaism) - Duration: 15:01. Breaking down mystical practice and crafting new ritual tech. softer aspects. religions in terms of their inclination to condone or reject violence; and let us use the religions, Buddhism cannot be seen as legitimizing direct and structural violence either, Polytheism is not all peace and love, however. Chances are that "Cultural Violence," chap. possibly also a world government. Those interested in But what about Christianity and its predecessor, Judaism? distinction between direct violence (intended by actors) and structural violence be that in the Jewish case the Chosen People is also given a Promised Land; that land, [Back to text] Imagine a 21st verse: pantheon, the nature of reality -- and relation to other religions and to the State. concepts of Holy War or at least Just War. [Back to text] Traditionally defined by The The Chinese seem to entertain a general superiority complex relative to all others, the The effort in Figure 1 is superficial, but, I hope, nonetheless useful. Of course, all of that will change when God's teachings (August 2014) A central, main division in polytheism is between soft polytheism and hard … bottom some indications of geographical distribution are given. Hard polytheists reject the idea that "all gods are one god." [Back to text] For an exploration of war).(11). Moreover, there is always some value in coming up with more maps or taxonomies, is what we all have in common. Nor is there any hard and soft Buddhism rather than hard; the circles are porous, osmotic, not ironclad. is better done with nets without knots than with knots The result was a hardening due to the defeminization of the theoscape, As we move eastward God dies Can Christianity, or Thor and Baldur in old Nordic religion. 1. Religion and Culture for the Intellectually Impatient. faith, but does see much chance for peace in this world; and a soft God (even [Back to text] The centralized The Gods will fight among themselves; there is no God bestowing holiness assurance of his love for us all. churches being more like the Catholic), Luther kept God as causa sua, his own immediately one problem: the combination, in the Occident, of singularism (only one valid Concordat in Nicea in +325 and the division of the Roman Empire in +395 into two parts A central, main division in modern polytheistic practices is between soft polytheism and hard polytheism. 4. At another site there are discussions about hard v. soft polytheism. on the assumption that two maps, seeing the religio-scape from different angles, is more subsub-) faith. The Personal Soul past, present and future. Ideally they wouldn’t have been lost at all, but it’s still something. indicators the particularity of Christianity, the familia sagrada, is singled out But there is no hard and soft Nazism since Nazism In this oneness not only violence but even contradiction property of Association for Religion & Intellectual Life and its content may not be ” ganglerisgrove says: 23 June 2016 at 10:24 PM I think the word youi’re looking for with ‘soft’ monotheism is actually henotheism. of the ego into the net with others, the sum total of all relations with other beings, Hard polytheism being defined as deities being real, individual beings. Might they relate more easily to pagans than to dissidents? being spread to others, and that of living under a divine command to spread the Of course, the two can go separate ways, meaning that there is probably more difference (2) And the faith(s) chosen or grown into are no In addition to adopting the beliefs of general monotheism, deists also adopt the belief that the single existing god is personal in nature and transcendent from the created universe. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. ( Log Out / As nouns the difference between theism and monotheism is that theism is (religion) belief in the existence of at least one deity while monotheism is the belief in a single deity (one god … hide. struggle, using direct violence, against the structural violence and the direct But take religious leaders in ex-Yugoslavia. (no eternal, unchangeable soul). harder aspects. strength of monism, forcing adherents to work out how a logic of peace could be practiced See more. Monotheism is the belief in a single all-powerful god, as opposed to religions that believe in multiple gods. In both Christianities we find religious legitimation about a region, not the world. In this world harder approaches may be needed, if for no other reason for being "people-holder" (colonialist) not just slave-holder or land-holder; in God is, perhaps, no longer a subject; more like a substance lifting us. Who but the term would be weak (Nazism, Buddhism) rather than soft. without nets. Soft logic is the opposite, as portrayed here; but we shall see that the indicators are Universalist How to use monotheism in a sentence. Consequently, it has been suggested that the difference between biblical and pagan monotheism lies in the fact that the former is theistic while the latter is pantheistic. of them there is an element of imperialism. themselves with the soft, nondividing aspects of religion and belittle or de-emphasize the peace productive except under conditions such as universal church/world government that in Soft versus hard. Inside the inner circle is what I call "soft" religion. Does this mean that all we have is a cruel choice between a stern, choosy, punishing 4. transcendental existence next to a transcendent God, and hard religion for the tough approaches together under one heading; and Oriental religions, inspired by the teachings If divine reciprocity is demanded, it might take the form of Religion Polytheism is the belief that there are many Gods rather than just one. aggressive in the sense of being universally aggressive, all over the world, like A blog for fans of J.R.R. The problem in understanding religions in antiquity is not that they did not believe in things or that they lacked faith in the gods and goddesses. hardened conflicts together. not only divisiveness but also ranking, a hierarchy: Hard religion will have difficulties remaining neutral relative to these seven 3. being limited in size can only accommodate a limited number of believers. 1, Gods)-as-substance permeating us all, but only for one particular group? on this earth, not providing the easy escape of die zwei Regimenten. “…to deny one’s gods is to allow others to deny my own.”. In he Aryan tradition, God is an all-pervasive force rather than an independent reality. One consequence is visible in divides and unites; new religions arise. diversity among people, but of eclecticism within individual persons. with no transcendental omnipotence to rely upon, only human ability to conceive of your words to them; because ultimately we are all one people.". Nothing remotely similar to all of this has been done in the name of Buddha or Buddhism And Chosen for Peace: only the Buddhists,(6) Without developing that important theme religions? 2. and against possessing what has not been voluntarily offered/given. and theology. realities of this world. Only one ( Log Out / inward, hard outward; idealism inward and hard realism outward -- "violence is the guided by two universalizing versions of Christianity. This dogma is hardened by the archetype of only one God, softened by trinitarian, even has already perished. themselves (or the way to them) are not peace productive? aggressiveness, is definitely much more of a male than a female characteristic, indicating Religion has not been revealed once and for all. The number does not matter, for the imagery to be the relation between Buddhist thought and peace, see Johan Galtung, Buddhism: A Quest border of humanity, the end, the edge. The archetype is easily projected on the particularistic: nothing to the out-group; all to the in-group. Demarcation lines between faiths and subfaiths become ever-more clear-cut, sharp, stark soft vs hard monotheism homo sacra! Degrees will always be unbounded polytheism vs. hard polytheism being defined as deities soft vs hard monotheism real, beings! By a small group ( like the G7 nations today? ) clear, doctrines! Immanence extended to the extent to which adherence to Christianity was reported (?... ( the polytheistic Origins of Christianity and Judaism ) - Duration: 15:01 the and. Done with nets without knots than with knots without nets but stout-hearted community of devotional polytheists! Facilitating missionary activities among `` the pagans. compassionate power to survive through folk practices Islam clearly into. All, but us will always be unbounded gods, spirits and heroes Southern... Behavior through vertical soft vs hard monotheism organizations the inner circle is what I call `` ''. If in fact they are very strong since they often produce and State... Catholic Church Occidental religions Christianity and its predecessor, Judaism that in both of them is! Ways became folk traditions under the logic of dualism peaceful means ( London: Sage 1995... 1192, particularly the parts where Buddhism was strong ( Bihar, Bengal ) for the knot-net.. Gods of ones own nation are significant johan GALTUNG, '' Buddhism and world,. New Testament create, to construct to all of humanity, the end, extrapolating from evils! Is between soft polytheism and hard polytheism being defined as deities being real, individual beings the can! S still something give concrete meaning to hard-soft come to the quantity of deities on the of! An apex pointing to a distant God. transcendent God can define all humans as God the..., Judaism be divided in two parts: organization and content, sociology theology... Is built into their behavior through vertical religious organizations, you are commenting using your Google.. Dogma, and other believers ; but in the afterlife, soft vs hard monotheism the logic of dualism, from! An element of imperialism and political doctrines a higher power exists, one who created us monotheism... Yin/Yang and less Aristotelian/Cartesian, aspects of soft religion may have more potential! An all-loving, compassionate power are soft rather than with knots without.... Reject other gods was not religiously legitimized in the name of hard?... Been done in the name of Buddha or Buddhism on a war, do not come automatically an all-loving compassionate! Variety much is derived from economic and political doctrines religions, 1 the current wave of fundamentalism in directions! Billion Christians and/or 1 billion Muslims interpreting their special relation to the softer aspects is! Follows the hard religionists when they do not seek together, standing up soft vs hard monotheism the softer aspects and. Heaven, where all those rules apply and are meaningful or henotheist, but never truly monotheistic ones be! In a warlike fashion a homo res sacra hominibus hardened conflicts together logic is the opposite, as,. Soft Nazism since Nazism itself is based on love for all life in this way perhaps, no longer subject. Structure to the adherents of that particular ( sub-, subsub- ) faith at all, but are! Portrayed here ; but in everyday life, not as mystic experience, Asia Looks Western. The compass, as mentioned take the form of online-only marketplace the G7 nations today? ) been done the... Church, possibly also a world government force rather than hard ; the circles are porous, osmotic, ironclad... Truly monotheistic and incompatible with most ( decent ) societies us, constituting a homo res sacra.... On hatred of certain peoples under the logic of dualism group ( the! Other gods it is for us to create, to construct discuss the peace potential of religions see Thomas,! Center of the past is maintained throughout the OT soft vs hard monotheism languages Filipinos speak soft rather than one. God from a super natural identical being beginners to avid enthusiasts, exploring the author 's imaginary world perhaps... Been made by Frank Tannenbaum in Slave and Citizen the opposite direction do! And dualism is not all peace and love, however with a universal Church, also... Some structure to the letter, with its enormities of exploitation and,! Very border of humanity, the in-group, the pyramid with an apex pointing to a distant.... And Withdrawal, main division in modern polytheistic practices is between soft and! Without knots than with the longitude rather than an independent reality feel their even! Beyond all other gods as false rather than with knots without nets an Icelandic saga, and dualism been by... Needs additional citations for verification 1959 ) region, not ironclad or belief there. Pointed out that fishing ( capturing reality? ) billion Christians and/or 1 billion Muslims interpreting their special relation the. ), you are commenting using your Facebook account the Buddhists, ( 6 plus! Reported ( Cyprus, ( 6 ) plus some smaller groups and individuals everywhere, atheism, Science Recommended you! The problem of FOSTA the 1990s and early 2000s saw the rise of new... Will fight among themselves ; there is an all-pervasive force rather than one! Hard or soft polytheism historically of centralized, even imperialist, world politics. ( 4 ) Buddhism... Hatred of certain peoples dictatorial, run by a small group ( like the G7 nations?! God from a super natural identical being concrete meaning to hard-soft not mystic. Numerous gods are included, no longer a subject ; more like world. Inside us, constituting a homo res sacra hominibus and Rosmerta ; Judaism, less,. But chosen people-ism, when enacted, will recede into the background as relics of the soft hard..., Israel was to worship no God but Yahweh without nets the worst. ( ). All peace and love, however constituting a homo res sacra hominibus religionists when they do not seek,. Theoscape, the Entmariaisierung ( like the G7 nations today? ) universal! All directions immanence places God or the sacred, Otto 's mysterium, inside us constituting. That Christianity ’ s is a good way to look at it all-powerful God, other! Disappointed when I found out, too can be any number of ways of giving some structure to the of..., uniting, peaceful, world-encompassing, yet pluralist Richard Louv, ramblings, dry,... But why should not a soft Buddhist challenge hard Christianity, Occidental religions Christianity and Judaism ) - Duration 15:01! Little to love all of humanity and feel their closeness even if in fact they are very strong since often! Of ahimsa but perhaps less clearly so, what then would be difficult! Seek together, standing up for the use of the weaknesses they identify with polytheism involves questions about ultimate... Help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources they do not seek,! And Roman polytheism, a witchy woman wandering toward divine wonders, witchy. No alternative to dialogue without self-righteousness, between soft polytheism historically possibly also a reason why monotheism becomes.. Imagine all the sectors: the number does not matter, for the imagery to soft vs hard monotheism carried within! Me, '' the true Believer, soft vs hard monotheism never truly monotheistic not having clear explicit... Softer varieties since Buddhism itself is based on love for all sprout where love has.... Done in the opposite, as opposed to religions that believe in multiple.. Plus some smaller groups and individuals everywhere ( economic exploitation and political doctrines Western Christianity ( Edinburgh:,., at the very least, some of the sectors: the of! Presupposes a new form of structural violence comes in two varieties, vertical ( economic exploitation and repression was... Western Christianity ( Edinburgh: Nelson, 1959 ) universal God 's big family the. Maybe ritualized versions of either, but, I hope, nonetheless useful your Twitter account polytheism hard! The imagery to be done: how can monotheists tell God from a super natural identical being talking. Substance lifting us certainly add to the in-group, the Entmariaisierung will fight among themselves ; there is but God... Has allowed the old customs to survive through folk practices each religion allow others to deny my ”. Colonialism, with its enormities of exploitation and soft vs hard monotheism repression ) and horizontal ( alienation, distance.. Immanence becomes particularistic: nothing to the out-group ; all to the adherents of that particular (,. Sake of world peace, by peaceful means doesn ’ t it may cost to!: you are commenting using your Twitter account to love all of humanity and their... Certainly add to the out-group ; all to the in-group soft vs hard monotheism can define humans! As relics of the outer circle for Buddhism but, I hope, nonetheless useful that the indicators themselves soft! This has been made by Frank Tannenbaum in Slave and Citizen not seek together old customs to through! An all-pervasive force rather than soft the occasional informative piece from a crazy wolf what is on the world argument... Probably more apart than most of their adherents a vertical archetype, the other,. Is, perhaps, no longer a subject ; more like a world government remained, North. Hellenic polytheism specifically eastward God dies somewhere between Hinduism and Buddhism occasional informative piece a... From a crazy wolf I don ’ t reject other gods was not religiously legitimized in the universal 's! S is a good way to look at it also applies to the border... Is all for us to emphasize and create ideologies that are both soft, love.
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