world coffee research varieties

H16 is an F1 hybrid variety also known as Mundo Maya (H16 is the code used by breeders before the variety was given its name). Because the life of a coffee tree is 20-30 years, the decision producers make about which variety to plant will have consequences until the next generation. Thanks to great diversity of coffee varieties and the growth of specialty coffee, research is being done over at World Coffee Research to provide producers with valuable information about what varieties might work best in new environments or places which have historically only grown one or two varieties. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. World Coffee Research is also preparing a new generation of F1 hybrid varieties with the goal of releasing specifically selected varieties to farmers in Central America and Africa by 2025. The World Coffee Research Organization (WCR) has started this needed movement. It’s this innovation which will lead the industry into a sustainable future to the benefit of everyone involved. By giving access to important data to more people than ever before, the hope is that smaller farms will finally be able to make more informed decisions. The crop is one that be temperamental and needing more attention than others. In order to undertake research into which kinds of hybridized beans might have more beneficial characteristics like drought and disease resistance, researchers need this as a starting off point. Because F1 varieties are the first generation result of a cross between two genetically distinct varieties, they tend to display what’s known as “hybrid vigor.” To improve the quality, yield, and resilience of the coffee crop, agronomists… Daily Coffee News by Roast magazine provides essential only news and resources for specialty coffee professionals. It was created based on need for pest and pathogen resistance. Just over a year ago, Dr. Juan Anciso, a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service fruit and vegetable specialist, planted 200 plants representing 40 coffee varieties from Central and … 50,000 plantlets. World Coffee Research and Counter Culture have both independently been working on better more up-to-date reference guides on the coffee varieties and research that has been done, and currently being done, in Ethiopia and East Africa. Rapid Coffee Variety Identification Creating value from seed to sale. In the second part of this article we will see the differences that exist between the main coffee varieties as well as what the future holds. While WCR’s Coffee Varieties Catalog is a fantastic resource– and hopefully a sign of more to come– and our industry cannot afford to be content with the status quo. In the mid-20th century, breeders began introducing varieties that possessed genetics from the C. canephora (Robusta) species, which made them resistant to coffee leaf rust. In 2015, World Coffee Research developed 43 hybrids between existing, commercialized coffee varieties and wild types that CATIE, the coffee germplasm bank in Costa Rica, provided. Last month, WCR expanded the catalog—which previously only covered varieties commonly found in and around Central America—to include varieties from six new countries: Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. introducing varieties that possessed genetics from the C. canephora (Robusta) species, which made them resistant to coffee leaf rust. The organization is conducting the first global research to drive best agricultural practices, minimize inputs and environmental impacts, and maximize farmer incomes. We believe that consumers want to make ethical choices and that the only thing holding them back most of the time is simply not having the right information. The World Coffee Research Organization (WCR) has started this needed movement. The catalog previously only covered varieties commonly found in and around Central America. World Coffee Research Expands Coffee Varieties Catalog to Include Africa, New Research Nick Brown | February 19, 2018 The nonprofit World Coffee Research has expanded its groundbreaking Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, adding varieties from six African countries, an expanded introduction, and new findings in genetic and historical research. Historically, most coffees were descendant from Typica and Bourbon. The video outlines a partnership that began this May among World Coffee Research, the Borlaug Institute and members of the world’s coffee industry to battle the disease. Tag: World Coffee Research Varieties Archives - Daily Coffee News by Roast Magazine . When the WCR published their WCR Coffee Varieties Catalog, it represented one of the most complete and detailed reference texts documenting the characteristics of different coffee varieties. A first-of-its kind undertaking to facilitate the global exchange of the world’s highest quality coffee varieties. The Center for Coffee Research and Education was established by the Board of Regents of Texas A&M University in September 2016. Photo courtesy of Tim Willems and World Coffee Research. News and Media. By Jen Hurd. The nonprofit World Coffee Research has expanded its groundbreaking Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, adding varieties from six African countries, an expanded introduction, and new findings in genetic and historical research. Very high susceptibility to coffee leaf rust, well-adapted to the coldest conditions. World Coffee Research (WCR) is a non-profit, collaborative research and development program of the global coffee industry to grow, protect, and enhance supplies of quality coffee while improving the livelihood of the families who produce it. Dr. Timothy Schilling is executive director of World Coffee Research, a new organization bringing together scientists and the coffee industry. Important steps forward in this regard have been made thanks to the work conducted by the World Coffee Research with the creation of the first Sensory Lexicon. News Feed News Media Updates. The database contains information on cup quality, disease susceptibility, plan characteristics, optimal growing elevations, bean size… Important steps forward in this regard have been made thanks to the work conducted by the World Coffee Research with the creation of the first Sensory Lexicon. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Adapted for medium altitudes. Of the 900 wild types in CATIE's repository, WCR identified 100 that represent the greatest genetic diversity. Coffee growing can be tricky business. There are currently 58 new varieties in development. Typica. Formed by the Global Coffee Industry in 2012, World Coffee Research is an organization of researchers working on a new generation of coffee varieties, as a response to several threats facing the coffee industry, and the dire need for innovation in coffee farming. A miscalculation about what kind of tree to plant can cause a reduced yield at best, and financial hardship compounded over decades at worst. World Coffee Research (WCR) recently hosted a lecture and tasting around its new F1 coffee hybrid varieties at the Buckman Coffee Factory in Portland, Oregon. The varieties catalog also includes information on which varieties are currently available through the World Coffee Research Verified program, which certifies coffee seed and nursery producers to improve the healthy, traceability and genetic purity of coffee plants. With such a high-demand and volatile commodity, more research and data sharing is needed. World Coffee Research Expands Coffee Varieties Catalog to Include Africa, New Research The nonprofit World Coffee Research has expanded its groundbreaking Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, adding varieties from six African countries, an expanded introduction, and new findings in genetic and historical research. Facebook; ... “The Hub is expected to produce the next generation of coffee varieties that will be adapted to various growing conditions in Africa and sustain the industry’s genetic breeding pools,” Martin says. This week, World Coffee Research launched a major update to its Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, expanding it to include varieties from six new countries: Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. WCR then crossed a subset of these coffees with existing varieties, forming 43 new candidate varieties … Tag: World Coffee Research Varieties Archives - Daily Coffee News by Roast Magazine . WCR uses advanced and applied research in coffee genetics and agronomy to create new varieties, agronomic approaches, and market opportunities for farmers to become more resilient and profitable, especially in the face of significant threats like climate change. All these characteristics, disease susceptibility and labor intensivity at the forefront, all contribute to coffee being a volatile crop and one that can be hard to profit off of and rely on. As someone who’s always loved Punnett squares, I was very excited to learn more about the type of research being conducted and to get a better understanding of what the future holds. The intention of this catalog is that those working with coffee should be able to make informed decisions about which variety will work best for their situation and needs. Arabica coffee first arrived in Mesoamerica in the mid-1700s. Historically, most coffees in the region descend from just two varieties: Typica and Bourbon. The coffee supply chain begins before the farm—with the seed itself. Along with wanting to inform the public, this database plays a crucial role in supporting ongoing research into new kinds of beans. The catalog currently features 38 varieties cultivated in Central America and will expand to Africa in 2018 and globally after that. World Coffee Research has released “Coffee Varieties of Mesoamerica and the Carribean,” a first-of-its-kind catalog of arabica coffee varieties designed for use by coffee farmers. Although aimed at farmers to help them make the best choice for 305 likes. Required fields are marked *. World Coffee Research is also preparing a new generation of F1 hybrid varieties with the goal of releasing specifically selected varieties to farmers in Central America and Africa by 2025. (The program is … In response, farmers were urged to plant hybrid varieties that were rust-resistant. World Coffee Research is also preparing a new generation of F1 hybrid varieties with the goal of releasing specifically selected varieties to farmers in Central America and Africa by 2025. Arabica coffee varieties are all members of the same species, but they have different traits. This blog, our stores, and our team all are constantly looking for ways to inform the public about what their options are and the impacts associated with each. Active field research sites in 22 countries; 30+ research programs involving 92 partners – Last week, the World Coffee Research (WCR) launched a major update to its Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, expanding it to include varieties from six new countries: Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. As someone who’s always loved Punnett squares, I was very excited to learn more about the type of research being conducted and to get a better understanding of what the future holds. Through numerous field studies on coffee and coffee hybrids, World Coffee Research works with several countries to develop the next generation of high yielding, climate-smart coffee varieties, while increasing quality and flavor. In a press release accompanying the announcement, World Coffee Research explained that for the last 30 years, rust resistance has relied on resistant genes coming from Timor Hybrid, a natural cross between Arabica and Robusta coffee—and Timor Hybrid’s resistance is … One of the most culturally and genetically important C. arabica varieties in the world, known for excellent quality in the cup at the highest altitudes. The catalog previously only covered varieties commonly found in … The updated version introduces the following varieties: Bourbon Mayaguez 139, Bourbon Mayaguez 71, Jackson 2/1257, K7, KP423, SL28, Harrar Rwanda, Mibirizi, Nyasaland, Pop3303/21, SL14, SL34, Catimor 129, Batian, RAB C15, and Ruiru 11. WCR is a 501(c)5 non-profit agricultural research organization registered in the state of California. In the second part of this article we will see the differences that exist between the main coffee varieties as well as what the future holds. When the WCR published their WCR Coffee Varieties Catalog, it represented one of the most complete and detailed reference texts documenting the characteristics of different coffee varieties. World Coffee Research Expands Coffee Varieties Catalog to Include Africa, New Research The nonprofit World Coffee Research has expanded its groundbreaking Arabica Coffee Varieties catalog, adding varieties from six African countries, an expanded introduction, and new findings in genetic and historical research. Daily Coffee News covers coffee news from seed to cup, including stories on coffee origin, imports, exports, logistics, supply chains, sustainability, retail, baristas, roasting and consumer trends. World Coffee Research breeds coffee for the future. Every part of the coffee supply chain has a role to play in creating a sustainable future for the coffee industry, and informed consumers are no exception. The World Coffee Research Verified program is the first sector-wide program to verify the quality of coffee seeds. Of the 900 wild types in CATIE's repository, WCR identified 100 that represent the greatest genetic diversity. More Projects. Coffee … It is replicable. Seed farms and nurseries certified to the WCR Verified SM protocols are listed in an online directory tied to the World Coffee Research coffee varieties catalog at varieties.worldcoffeeresearch.org. Disease or pests the work they put in now will ensure the future of seeds. Browser for the next time I comment and around Central America was by. The coffee supply chain will expand to Africa in 2018 and globally after.... 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