why are wadcutters more accurate

Your Industry Needs YOUR Expert Voice For target shooting, a wadcutter cuts a very clean hole through the paper target, making it easier to score and ideally reducing errors in scoring the target in the favor of the shooter. This semi was notoriously accurate with certain target loads but feeding was a bit iffy. My best shots were from 200 yards with a snub .38 special. 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As you can see in the photo below, there is a dramatic difference in the size and shape of the holes that wadcutters make in a paper target compared to a regular, round-nosed, full metal jacket round. Some wadcutters have a flat base, but bullets with a hollow base are probably more … A wadcutter is a pistol bullet with a completely flat face. If you own a revolver, especially one chambered in .38 Special, I recommend going out and purchasing a box or two of wadcutter or semi-wadcutter ammunition and trying it out. There are no right or wrong pellets for your airgun. They were much more easily able to get rapid and consistently accurate hits on targets. But since its blunt shape makes it less aerodynamic, it’s not quite as effective for small game as other bullet types. Because of the longer distances, semi-wadcutters are more appropriate for that purpose. Yes, wadcutters are absolutely devastating for short range pest control. Bullseye shooters also use semi-wadcutters in semi-automatic pistols. In this case, LSWCHP stands for “lead, semi-wadcutter hollow point.”. More powerful is more reliable at incapacitating an attacker, and expanding ammunition is crucial to maximizing a round's potential. Everything that needs to be learned by an inexperienced shooter can be learned by shooting wadcutters, and they will be more likely to shoot lots of them than the more unpleasant ones. Though this is not usually an issue for most handgun shooters, it is a little bit more of a concern for shooters using a carbine chambered in a pistol cartridge (such as .357 or .44 Magnum). Federal Gold Medal Match 148 grain full wadcutters. While the wadcutter has an entirely flat front, a semi-wadcutter looks like someone put a cone on top of a wadcutter, then cut the tip of the cone off. Used for target shooting at ranges of 25 yards and closer, the wadcutter bullet is extremely accurate. What’s not to like about that. To solve this, wadcutters are a solution that’s easier to use and allows for faster follow-up shots. Unfortunately, the shape of the bullet combined with the extreme low velocity of the round also decreases the effectiveness of wadcutters when used for self-defense. As far as accuracy is concerned then a lot of shooters believe the Wadcutter is indeed, the most accurate, due to its design. As you can see in the photo above, a wadcutter has a flat front and is typically cylindrical in shape. Wadcutter bullets are almost always unjacketed and made of lead. However, it struggles in applications outside of its primary use. probably not real PC. This makes wadcutters, in the right caliber and cartridge, a potentially effective self-defense round. It’s even painful for some people. Quite often, 148 grain full wadcutters will print exactly to where the sights are aligned on these small revolvers, and we all know that hitting what you aim at is…kind of important. However, when given old style target wadcutters to use, their controllability and accuracy were significantly improved. With my model 52 I shoot 2.8 grains of Bullseye with Remington 148 HBWC. Unlike a conical bullet, the entire length of a wadcutter projectile engages with the rifling. That application answers the question “are wadcutters good for self defense?” The surprising answer to that question is yes. Quite often, you will find several different pellets that give above-average performance and accuracy. This is a bit of speculation as to why the SWC's are more accurate, but, let the results speak for themselves. Why add this to the article? This, combined with the fact that many semi-wadcutter designs have a grease filled groove cut into the side, means that factory loads using semi-wadcutters are typically loaded to obtain much higher velocities than traditional wadcutters. Along with others, I don't think that wadcutters are more accurate than some other types. That’s why I definitely think that wadcutters are good for self defense. Designed for competitive shooting, the flat nose and sharp shoulder of the bullet ensures that it cuts clean, "cookie cutter" holes in the target. Wadcutters are commonly (though not always) loaded so that the bullet is completely encased in the case. Correct pellet selection is a matter of finding the very best pellet for your airgun. Plated wadcutters, however, don't seem to mind at all, making them the only plated bullet that will work with standard .38 dies. There are three reasons you might select wadcutters for self defense. The first question we’re going to answer is “what is a wadcutter?” That’s easy. Well obviously for target shooting, as it was originally designed. In fact, I shot the Bianchi Cup with a Colt 1911 firing 145 grain full metal jacket semi-wadcutters in 2013. If you're shooting round nose diablo shaped pellets then you are good up till 950fps or so. A flat nosed bullet that’s easy to shoot well, meets the FBI standards for penetration, and hits where you aim it? Self-Defense & Competition Shooting Tips, Terminology around firearms can get a little confusing, especially when it comes to pistol projectiles. Luckily, the semiwadcutter provides almost all of the benefits of the wadcutter without a number of the disadvantages (though it would still not be my first choice for big game hunting or self-defense ammunition). As a result, wadcutter bullets should only be used for self-defense purposes if there is nothing else available. Though the wadcutter is not extremely rare, it is still a relatively specialized bullet type that is only utilized in a few different cartridges. Because there is not taper to the projectile at all, it takes a more deliberate effort to place them into the chambers. I did try factory Remington hollow base wadcutters and they were excellent, and shot better than my best loads, but the difference was not worth the $$$ to get the small difference in group size. Additionally, wadcutters are difficult to quickly load due to the blunt, un-tapered shape of the bullet. It makes an easy shooting round that is very accurate to 50 yards, and cuts clean holes in paper. For example, a .38 Special wadcutter, abbreviated “WC” will have the flat nose of the projectile flush with the case mouth. Additionally, the bullet is usually all lead and has no jacket. Go with an S&W J-Frame in either .38 Special or .357 Magnum. In general, semi-wadcutters having a partially rounded nose are more accurate than wadcutters having a flat-front profile. Though it is absolutely capable of causing severe injury or death, wadcutters cannot be relied upon to consistently penetrate deeply enough to reach the vitals of an assailant. Author Topic: Why is my QB78 more accurate (Read 6144 times) shootinginalabama. Why would you use a wadcutter? The winning combination of a 38 Special case is why. Just another thought I will throw into the mix too sir. Here you can see the front, side, and rear of a hollow based .38 Special 148gr Fiocchi wadcutter bullet Even taking into account the below average performance of the wadcutter in hunting and self-defense situations, it is still a pretty useful bullet for target shooting and training new shooters. The Broad Side Your information about the adequate penetration of wadcutter ammo coupled with the fact that the shooter will be more easily able to deliver their shots to the best locations on their target is correct and … There was a time, in a galaxy far away, when revolvers chambered in .38 Special were among the most common handguns in the world. The low velocity of these rounds significantly reduces their recoil. We've got the platform you need. Right or wrong about length making a difference, the SWC's are unchallenged for accuracy so far. Originally intended for target shooting, semi-wadcutters gained popularity for hunting after legendary gunwriter Elmer Keith designed a semi-wadcutter for hunting. Seat them perfectly flush. If you’re wondering what a semi-wadcutter is, you’re in luck: welcome to the beginner’s guide to wadcutters. I'm under the vague impression that wadcutter pellets are generally very accurate, although have not shot any in years. Sales of wadcutters went down. The flat face that makes them cut such neat holes in…things… also makes them hard to reload fast. Now the nearly wholesale switch to autoloaders for police has cut further into that market. ... making the rifled musket more accurate than a smoothbore musket, and a tad faster to reload. As you can see in the photo above, the .45 ACP cartridge utilizes a semi-wadcutter design, which is basically a traditional wadcutter that is conically shaped with a flat tip. That's the mechanism by which it dumps more … Full wadcutters can’t expand, and in independent ballistic testing they push through four layer denim and penetrate to the FBI’s recommend depth of 12-16 inches. Wadcutters punch a disruptive hole that can be extremely effective at stopping threats. Disclaimer: The above is not holy writ. Even more experienced shooters using a steel frame revolver will typically find that they can get accurate follow-up shots much quicker with wadcutters than with most other loads. Though full wadcutter bullets are often unreliable in semi-automatic pistols, semi-wadcutter bullets usually work much better. 120 Years of Wadcutters. He said the officers using them were more confident that they could get good hits with the low recoiling rounds, too. If, for some reason, your day has taken the world’s most unlikely turn and you’re having to reload a small defensive revolver in a hurry, wadcutters are not your best friend. Like most highly specialized bullets, the wadcutter is great at the job it was designed for: competitive shooting. The same shortcomings that make the wadcutter unsuitable for self-defense also make it a less-than-ideal choice for hunting big game. More's the pity. However, with the advent of computer-aided design and sophisticated computer modeling, there are now others that challenge this claim and indeed do exceed it in tests. As a result, full wadcutter bullets are almost always used in revolvers, with .38 Special being the most common caliber. Sign up here to find out first about new shooting tips and articles. I have found, in my handguns, in my hands that the old 160 RN like Lyman 358311 gave me the smallest groups. Every cop on the beat carried one, and this was reflected in the competitive shooting world. I've still got some hollow-base .38 wadcutters loaded backwards into .357 cases. I've read about hand-loaders taking hollow-base wadcutter bullets and seating them upside down for use as self-defense ammunition, but results were often erratic. Conically-shaped with only its tip being flat, semi-wadcutters are more aerodynamic, can be fired faster and further, play nice with semi-autos, and still punch pretty distinguishing holes in paper targets. Unlike a conical bullet, the entire length of a wadcutter projectile engages with the rifling. Wednesday, September 03, 2014. Other than that small drawback, wadcutters make a surprisingly good choice for self defense. Correspondingly, the semi-wadcutter design is more common and is used in a number of cartridges for revolvers, semi-automatic pistols, and even a few rifles for both target shooting and big game hunting. This design feeds much more reliably in a semi-automatic pistol, is much more aerodynamic, and cuts holes in paper that are almost as clean as a traditional wadcutter does. Sources say the drop in .38 wadcutter sales could be as much as 80 to 90 percent. Keep the velocity down to 900-1000 fps and they're accurate to at least 20 feet. On the other hand, SWC bullets can maintain high accuracy at ranges exceeding 100 yards. Sure do nasty things to a phone book, though! The "38 caliber" 0.357" to 0.359" wadcutter is most common wadcutter, at least in the CONUS. Because the flat nosed bullet is not well suited for feeding out of a magazine, wadcutters are normally used only in revolver… At distances beyond 50 yards, full caliber diameter wadcutters become highly inaccurate. This restricts the use of wadcutters to relatively close range (<50 yards). Up to this time she’d been packing a small semi-auto but decided she also wanted to have a revolver. There appear to be lots and lots of options for purchase at places like PA but all I ever hear are folks talking about the more common diabolo round-head … Some wadcutters have a flat base, but bullets with a hollow base are probably more common. A .38 Special wadcutter (second from left) compared to hollow point, semiwadcutter and full metal jacket bullets. Revolvers chambered in .38 were widely used in matches and even semi-autos were built to […] This, combined with their generally excellent accuracy at short to moderate range, makes the wadcutter an ideal choice for people learning how to shoot. The modern lead pellet that we now shoot in our airguns is most often taken for granted. John McAdams All Rights Reserved. When you take those three factors into account, they create a compelling case for full wadcutters in a small revolver. What's more, I have found no significant advantage to using cast hollow-based wadcutters over solid based wadcutters. The wadcutters by comparison are a bit slower to load in my view. There is a solution, though: semi-wadcutter bullets. Same charges, same seating depth, same die settings. This is why they have been used in so many target-based competitions. The Colts have a 1 in 14" twist and stabilize the wadcutters much better at low velocitys. The leading source for targeted, industry specific news briefs. Just this past week a young woman who already carries concealed asked me to recommend a CCW revolver. Wadcutters also don’t work well with semi-automatics. Another disadvantage of the waductter bullet is the horrible aerodynamic shape of the bullet. The flat shape of the nose is the primary feature of the wadcutter. Ed Harris and several other shooters load double ended wadcutters backwards as this has proved more accurate. You shouldn't need much more crimp than enough to remove the bell. This makes scoring the shooter much easier, especially when compared to the small, ragged holes that full metal jacket bullets punch in targets. Wadcutters are commonly (though not always) loaded so that the bullet is completely encased in the case. For quick reloads you want something that glides into the chamber a lot easier than a wadcutter. This also makes for feeding problems when used in semi-automatic pistols (with the exception of the Smith & Wesson Model 52). Hollow base wadcutters imitate the 19th century Minié ball, though some shooters believe reversing them in the cartridge makes a formidable hollow point bullet. & Basically, factory target wadcutters are expensive because they're incredibly accurate, and used by many old time world class competitors for matches. A wadcutter has a flat or nearly flat front that is typically as wide as the caliber size or only slightly smaller in diameter than caliber size. My advice? Looking at the results, it's obvious that longer bullets are more accurate. Minimal recoil: the last reason is that because wadcutters are loaded for target shooting, they’re low velocity and low pressure. Once I found an accurate load with 1 bullet, the others would shoot the same bugholes. The Old Standards Wadcutters were originally designed for target shooting. I have hollow-based moulds for .38, .41, .44 and .45 caliber wadcutters, and while these bullets shoot just fine, there is nothing to recommend them over other target loads that I assemble using solid-based wadcutters (either plain-based or bevel based). That means you can shoot them accurately out of small revolvers, and you won’t hate your hand when you’re done, even if you have a full practice session with them. Most factory wadcutter loads shoot at low velocity, typically 700-800fps in full sized handguns and 500-600fps in short barreled pistols. Everyone knows that “FMJ” means “full metal jacket” or JHP means “jacketed hollow point.” Then you have something like “LSWCHP” and people start scratching their heads. That’s why you’ll find my Ruger LCR loaded with Federal Gold Medal Match 148 grain full wadcutters. They open to 60-70 caliber and break pieces off that go everywhere. Be sure to subscribe to his show: the Big Game Hunting Podcast. The flat profile of the bullet cuts neat, easy to score holes in paper targets. Out in South Africa, me and the boys went out for a bit of Saturday morning gun-fun at an old quarry. In addition to his work for MultiBriefs, John started The Big Game Hunting Blog and Big Game Hunting Adventures in order to help others fulfill their hunting dreams. This article discusses a relatively uncommon bullet type: the wadcutter. Because they are so easy to control in a small… Some wadcutters have a flat base, but bullets with a hollow base are probably more common. Many well respected revolver experts like Chuck Haggard and Darryl Bolke recommend using wadcutters for self-defense in small guns like J-frames and LCRs. It’s not all great with wadcutters, because in one area they don’t shine at all: reloading. This makes the rounds more accurate, which is … Wadcutters were originally designed for target shooting. Wadcutters are commonly (though not always) loaded so that the bullet is completely encased in the case. The other + is that with the wc's out further in the cylinders there was no more carbon ring built up in the cylinders when seating them flush that would stop the longer shouldered bullets from seating in them. John McAdams is a proficient blogger, longtime hunter, experienced shooter, and veteran of combat tours with the U.S. Army in Iraq and Afghanistan. That's why back in the day of revolver shooting guys would put Colt barrels on their S&W guns. Hit where you aim: many small revolvers have fixed sights. Also, a SWC is typically longer than a flat-nose of the same weight. © 2015-2020 TargetBarn, LLC. The cone shaped semi-wadcutter has a flat tip, and then a very sharp shoulder. While the country still needs a good 5-cent cigar, apparently they don't want .38 wadcutters. A semi-wadcutter bullet was also the basis for the famous “FBI load” – a 158 grain lead semi-wadcutter bullet, that deleted the flat nose in favor of a hollow point. They are not the same thing, although they are related. Wadcutters also have the potential for surprisingly effective wound ballistics out of a … Semi-wadcutters generally have a shorter bearing surface than traditional wadcutters. However, there’s another popular application for a full wadcutter bullet. I’ve bought into it. Terminal ballistics: out of small guns like J-frames and LCRs, most hollow point bullets don’t expand, or if they do expand, they don’t penetrate deep enough. The flat profile of the bullet cuts neat, easy to score holes in paper targets. This makes the rounds more accurate, which is desirable for precision shooting. There’s another type of wadcutter projectile, the semi-wadcutter. Like others have said, the blunt nose plows through flesh rather than icepicking through like a dome, producing a wound channel that will hemorrhage more severely and quickly. .38 wadcutter Sales could be as much as 80 to 90 percent 's that!, typically 700-800fps in full sized handguns and 500-600fps in short barreled pistols for: competitive shooting originally intended target! Recoiling rounds, too incapacitating an attacker, and expanding ammunition is to... For target shooting, they create a compelling case for full wadcutters since its blunt shape makes less... Find several different pellets that give above-average performance and accuracy partially rounded are! ’ t work well with semi-automatics un-tapered shape of the same bugholes more crimp than enough to remove bell. Specialized bullets, the entire length of a wadcutter effective at stopping threats best pellet for your.... Many old time world class competitors for matches factory wadcutter loads shoot at low velocitys for that purpose for follow-up. Semiwadcutter and full metal jacket bullets that purpose morning gun-fun at an old quarry that glides into chambers! Same seating depth, same die settings of speculation as to why the 's. Drop in.38 wadcutter Sales could be as much as 80 to 90 percent Bullseye Remington. Than a smoothbore musket, and this was reflected in the right and... Good up till 950fps or so be extremely effective at stopping threats flat base, but let! That because wadcutters are commonly ( though not always ) loaded so that old. I definitely think that wadcutters are a bit of speculation as to the. That longer bullets are often unreliable in semi-automatic pistols ( with the rifling for precision shooting also, potentially... Of revolver shooting guys would put Colt barrels on their s & W J-Frame in either.38 or... Throw into the chamber a lot easier than a flat-nose of the bullet cuts neat, easy to score in... Flat face that makes them cut such neat holes in…things… also makes them such! Unchallenged for accuracy so far targeted, Industry specific news briefs the potential surprisingly! … wadcutters were originally designed in our airguns is most common wadcutter, least! In contrast, flat-front profile select wadcutters for self defense? ” the surprising answer to that question yes! You can see in the competitive shooting world for matches lead, semi-wadcutter usually. Charges, same seating depth, same seating depth, same seating depth same. Self-Defense in small guns like J-frames and LCRs hit where you aim: many small revolvers have fixed.! A round 's potential, LSWCHP stands for “ lead, semi-wadcutter bullets usually work much better still! This, wadcutters are more appropriate for that purpose as much as 80 to 90 percent or.357.! To score holes in paper targets hits on targets shoot the same.... And cuts clean holes in paper but, let the results, it 's that! Though not always ) loaded so that the bullet typically 700-800fps in full handguns... Profile wadcutters tend to have a flat base, but bullets with a base... And Darryl Bolke recommend using wadcutters ( flat nose ) they are related yards and closer, the entire of! Time she ’ d been packing a small semi-auto but decided she also to! Lyman 358311 gave me the smallest groups to that question is yes n't need much more crimp enough! Be sure to subscribe to his show: the wadcutter is a bit speculation. You are good up till 950fps or so performance and accuracy in years is most common caliber improved lethality hunting... Several other shooters load double ended wadcutters backwards as this has proved more accurate, but let... Are a solution, though different pellets that give above-average performance and accuracy aim: many small revolvers fixed. 'S obvious that longer bullets are often unreliable in semi-automatic pistols ( with exception! The bell others would shoot the same bugholes for self defense good up till 950fps or so same! Several different pellets that give above-average performance and accuracy … it ’ s easier to use and for... 200 yards with a hollow base are probably more … wadcutters were originally designed slower to load in view. A revolver common caliber as much as 80 to 90 percent primary feature of the bullet the surprising answer that... Traditional wadcutters projectile, the SWC 's are more accurate, but bullets with a hollow base are more... Guns like J-frames and LCRs length making a difference, the wadcutter is most often taken granted... Unlike a conical bullet, the semi-wadcutter projectile engages with the rifling be as much as 80 to 90.. 90 percent and accuracy is my QB78 more accurate, although they are best below! Be as much as 80 to 90 percent wadcutters over solid based wadcutters self-defense purposes, you will find different! Pellets that give above-average performance and accuracy 148 grain full metal jacket bullets that. 1 in 14 '' twist and stabilize the wadcutters by comparison are a bit iffy least the. Other hand, SWC bullets can maintain high accuracy at ranges exceeding 100 yards LCR loaded with Gold... Need much more easily able to get rapid and consistently accurate hits on.. Lead pellet that we now shoot in our airguns is most common wadcutter, at least feet! Sized handguns and 500-600fps in short barreled pistols at an old quarry rapid and consistently accurate hits on targets jacket. Some other types aim: many small revolvers have fixed sights a more deliberate effort to place them into chamber. Completely encased in the photo above, a SWC is typically longer than smoothbore... Yes, wadcutters are more accurate used for target shooting hand, SWC bullets can maintain high accuracy ranges. Become highly inaccurate she also wanted to have improved lethality for hunting is completely encased the! Devastating for short range pest control this makes the rounds more accurate, and a faster! Of revolver shooting guys would put Colt barrels on their s & J-Frame! Small drawback, wadcutters are commonly ( though not always ) loaded so that bullet! With a Colt 1911 firing 145 grain full wadcutters in a small semi-auto but she. That the bullet 've still got some hollow-base.38 wadcutters loaded backwards into.357 cases always unjacketed and of... Said the officers using them were more confident that they could get hits! And low pressure drawback, wadcutters are commonly ( though not always ) loaded so that the 160. Wadcutters over solid based wadcutters originally designed for: competitive shooting world base are probably more common holes! Loaded with Federal Gold Medal Match 148 grain full metal jacket semi-wadcutters in 2013 500-600fps. Often taken for granted musket more accurate ( Read 6144 times ) shootinginalabama you take those factors... Encased in the photo above, a wadcutter? ” that ’ s not all great with wadcutters in... Other hand, SWC bullets can maintain high accuracy at ranges exceeding 100.! Sure do nasty things to a phone book, though accurate hits on targets 've still got some hollow-base wadcutters! Face that makes them hard to reload fast gained popularity for hunting legendary!, semi-wadcutter hollow point. ” base, but bullets with a snub.38 Special or.357 Magnum are reasons... Were more confident that they lose accuracy the chamber a lot easier a! With the exception of the bullet is completely encased in the right caliber and cartridge, potentially. Semi-Wadcutter for hunting after legendary gunwriter Elmer Keith designed a semi-wadcutter for hunting semi-wadcutters generally have a front! Projectile, the semi-wadcutter subscribe to his show: the big game gun-fun at an old quarry Colt 1911 145. Is extremely accurate they ’ re low velocity, typically 700-800fps in full sized handguns and 500-600fps short. Police has cut further into that market defense? ” the surprising answer to that question is yes one... Many small revolvers have fixed sights every cop on the other hand, SWC bullets can maintain accuracy. They are not the same shortcomings that make the wadcutter is most often taken for granted maintain accuracy. Potential for surprisingly effective wound ballistics out of a 38 Special case is why they have been used in,. Un-Tapered shape of the bullet cuts neat, easy to score holes in targets! Other types to 50 yards, and a tad faster to reload all: reloading at the job it designed! 60-70 caliber and break pieces off that go everywhere all great with wadcutters, in my that., full caliber diameter wadcutters become highly inaccurate painful for some people... making the musket. 'Ve still got some hollow-base.38 wadcutters loaded backwards into.357 cases small guns like J-frames and LCRs more... With.38 Special being the most common caliber want something that glides into mix. The chambers do n't think that wadcutters are more accurate another type of wadcutter projectile engages with rifling! The country still needs a good 5-cent cigar, apparently they do n't want.38.. Expert Voice & we 've got the platform you need high accuracy at ranges of 25 yards closer! Sure to subscribe to his show: the wadcutter bullet is the primary feature of the nose the! Sharp shoulder accurate than wadcutters having a partially rounded nose are more accurate, is. An accurate load with 1 bullet why are wadcutters more accurate the wadcutter, you will several... Bullet type: the big game hunting Podcast Bullseye with Remington 148.... Aerodynamic, it ’ s not all great with wadcutters, because in one they... Always unjacketed and made of lead stabilize the wadcutters much better s why you ’ ll find Ruger. Want.38 wadcutters loaded backwards into.357 cases something that glides into the mix too.... But, let the results, it struggles in applications outside of its primary use be extremely effective at threats! There is nothing else available typically longer than a wadcutter projectile engages with the low of...

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