short ton: A short ton equals 2,000. Commodities are transported between major ports, then transferred to feeder vessels for further transport to a number of additional ports. The laborers hired by the stevedoring firms are called stevedores or longshoremen. deck barge: Transports heavy or oversize cargoes mounted to its top deck instead of inside a hold. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI): The exchange of information through an electronic format. Examples: NSCSA (National Shipping Company of Saudi Arabia), American President Lines (APL), Maersk Sealand, Evergreen, etc. It refers to a partial container load that is usually consolidated with other goods to fill a container. motor ship (MS) or motor vessel (MV): A ship propelled by internal-combustion engines. bulk cargo: Loose cargo (dry or liquid) that is loaded (shoveled, scooped, forked, mechanically conveyed or pumped) in volume directly into a ship’s hold; e.g., grain, coal and oil. capacity: The available space for, or ability to handle, freight. Used to handle containers in the storage yard to and from storage stacks, trucks and railcars. Prefeitura Municipal de Primavera do Leste / MT Todos os Direitos Reservados. Includes the ability to load and unload containers/breakbulk directly from rail car to vessel. general cargo: Consists of both containerized and breakbulk goods, in contrast to bulk cargo. to of and a in " 's that for on is The was with said as at it by from be have he has his are an ) not ( will who I had their -- were they but been this which more or its would about : after up $ one than also 't out her you year when It two people - all can over last first But into ' He A we In she other new years could there ? The operation of building or dismantling barge tows. Backhaul: To haul a shipment back over part of a route which it has already traveled; a marine transportation carrier’s return movement of cargo, usually opposite from the direction of its primary cargo distribution. RTG's may also be used for loading and unloading containers from rail cars. customs broker: This person prepares the needed documentation for importing goods (just as a freight forwarder does for exports). container chassis: A piece of equipment specifically designed for the movement of containers by highway to and from container terminals. Aircargo Guangzhou. dunnage: Wood or other material used in stowing ship cargo to prevent its movement. port: This term is used both for the harbor area where ships are docked and for the agency (port authority), which administers use of public wharves and port properties. contraband: Goods prohibited in trade (such as weapons going to Iran, anything to Cuba). The wharf typically has front and rear loading docks (aprons), a transit shed, open (unshedded) storage areas, truck bays, and rail tracks. 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I know the feeling during rush hours, so I guess these Tarpaulin Templates are very useful for your urgent tarpaulin layout. Rfid Playing Card Nfc Tag. Lift On-Lift Off (LO/LO): Cargo handling technique involving transfer of commodities to and from the ship using shoreside cranes or ship's gear. For example, boxes of hot sauce from Louisiana are stuffed into metal boxes called containers at the factory. on-terminal rail: Rail service and trackage provided by a railroad within a designated terminal area. (See also: operating port.). A chandler sells these supplies to the ship’s agent. I.L.A. sheddage: Regardless of the length of stay, a vessel is charged a one-time fee for use of shed space and/or marginal (waterside) rail track space. wharf: The place at which ships tie up to unload and load cargo. Home; Municipio; Gestão; Servidor Público; Ouvidoria; Coronavírus; Links Úteis; Tel. Buoys: Floats that warn of hazards such as rocks or shallow ground, to help ships maneuver through unfamiliar harbors. stuffing: The process of packing a container with loose cargo prior to inland or ocean shipment. Length Overall (LOA): Linear measurement of a vessel from bow to stern. channels of distribution: The routes by which products are transported from origin to destination. An NVOCC then sells that space to various small shippers, consolidates their freight, issues bills of lading and books space aboard a ship. Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ) - Known in some countries as a free zone, a foreign trade zone (FTZ) is a site within the USA (in or near a U.S. Customs port of entry) where foreign and domestic goods are held until they ready to be released into international commerce. container crane: Usually, a rail-mounted gantry crane located on a wharf for the purpose of loading and unloading containers on vessels. way bill: The document used to identify the shipper and consignee, present the routing, describe the goods, present the applicable rate, show the weight of the shipment, and make other useful information notations. Reflectvie Glass Beads For Road Marking. Lifting capacity and cargo measurements are designated in short tons. Console in the editor (beta) Clear console on run General. terminal operator: The company that operates cargo handling activities on a wharf . A terminal operator oversees unloading cargo from ship to dock, checking the quantity of cargoes versus the ship’s manifest (list of goods), transferring of the cargo into the shed, checking documents authorizing a trucker to pick up cargo, overseeing the loading/unloading of railroad cars, etc. berth: (verb) To bring a ship to a berth. Point where pickups and deposits of containers in storage area or yard are assigned. manifest: The ship captain’s list of individual goods that make up the ship’s cargo. The operator invests in cargo-handling equipment (forklifts, cranes, etc), hires longshore laborers to operate such lift machinery and negotiates contracts with ocean carriers (steamship services) to handle the unloading and loading of ship cargoes. The Customs Department also works to prevent the importation of illegal drugs and contraband. Automatic Machine. intermodal shipment: When more than one mode of transportation is used to ship cargo from origin to destination, it is called intermodal transportation. chandlers: Like a hotel at sea, a ship needs many supplies to operate and serve its crew-- groceries; paper products; engine parts; electronics; hardware; etc. Calls may range from five to 24 hours. quay: A wharf, which parallels the waterline. The front section where the driver sits is called the cab or the tractor (because it pulls a load). draft: The depth of a loaded vessel in the water taken from the level of the waterline to the lowest point of the hull of the vessel; depth of water, or distance between the bottom of the ship and waterline. master: The officer in charge of the ship. customs: A duty or tax on imported goods. These big trucks are often also called 18-wheelers. on-dock rail: Direct shipside rail service. See also Customs house broker. Overseas, the ship can discharge clusters of barges in the open waters. This is used to make claims if needed. towboat: A snub-nosed boat with push knees used for pushing barges. A A's AMD AMD's AOL AOL's AWS AWS's Aachen Aachen's Aaliyah Aaliyah's Aaron Aaron's Abbas Abbas's Abbasid Abbasid's Abbott Abbott's Abby Abby's Abdul Abdul's Abe Abe's Abel Abel's bill of lading: A contract between a shipper and carrier listing the terms for moving freight between specified points. An employees who drives a tractor for the purpose of moving cargo within a container yard. heavy lift: Very heavy cargoes that require specialized equipment to move the products to and from ship/truck/rail/barge and terminals. gantry crane: Track-mounted, shoreside crane utilized in the loading and unloading of breakbulk cargo, containers and heavy lift cargo. (Contrast with a transit port.). Password requirements: 6 to 30 characters long; ASCII characters only (characters found on a standard US keyboard); must contain at least 4 different symbols; transit port: When the majority of cargoes moving through a port aren’t coming from or destined for the local market, the port is called a transit (or through) port. vessel operator: A firm that charters vessels for its service requirements, which are handled by their own offices or appointed agents at ports of call. Examples are potash, industrial sands, wheat, soybeans and peanuts. harbor: A port of haven where ships may anchor. LASH: These 900-foot-long ships carry small barges inside the vessel. A ship is too powerful to pull up to the wharf on its own. interchange: Point of entry/exit for trucks delivering and picking up containerized cargo. tramp: A ship operating with no fixed route or published schedule. Longshoremen are also called stevedores. consignment: A shipment of goods. A large towboat is used to push from 5 to 40 barges in a tow is called a line boat. port-of-call: Port at which cruise ship makes a stop along its itinerary. It can straddle a single row of containers and is primarily used to move containers around the terminal, but also to transport containers to and from the transtainer and load/unload containers from truck chassis. cabotage: Shipment of cargo between a nation’s ports is also called coastwise trade. Sometimes referred to as "embarkation port" and "turn around port.". yard: a system of tracks within a certain area used for making up trains, storing cars, placing cars to be loaded or unloaded, etc. Longshore gangs are hired by stevedoring firms to work the ships. I.L.W.U.- International Longshore and Warehouse Union, which operates on the West Coast. (noun) The wharf space at which a ship docks. contains some random words for machine learning natural language processing steamship company: A business that owns ships that operate in international trade . railhead: End of the railroad line or point in the area of operations at which cargo is loaded and unloaded. (One parks a car, but docks a ship.) ocean carrier: Diesel-fueled vessels have replaced the old steamships of the past, although many people still refer to modern diesel ships as steamships. Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium (commonly known as RFK Stadium, originally District of Columbia Stadium) is a defunct multi-purpose stadium in Washington, D.C. Cargoes from different sources are usually consolidated to save costs. The U.S. and some other countries require such trade to be carried on domestic ships only. Sometimes referred to as "transit port" and "destination port." They may or may not be members of labor unions. Take a look at our list of 101 Best Gifts for Uncles and treat him right. We would like to show you a description here but the site wonât allow us. The trailer is the detachable wheeled chassis behind the tractor, on which containers or other cargoes are placed. consolidator: The person or firm that consolidates (combines) cargo from a number of shippers into a container that will deliver the goods to several buyers. Block Valve. launch service: Companies that offer "water-taxi" service to ships at anchor. dock: (verb) - To bring in a vessel to tie up at a wharf berth. Local pilots board the ship to advise the captain and navigator of local navigation conditions (difficult currents; hidden wrecks, etc.). from wharf to warehouse.. dredge: (noun) A waterborne machine that removes unwanted silt accumulations from the bottom of a waterway. General cargo operations produce more jobs than bulk handling. Behind the shed, cargo moves over the "rear apron" into and out of railroad cars. clerks: When cargo is unloaded from a ship, a clerk checks the actual count of the goods (number of boxes, drums, bundles, pipes, etc.) LASH stands for Lighter Aboard Ship. The Corps is vital to keeping navigation channels open by dredging sand, silt and gravel that accumulate on river and harbor bottoms. IMX: This is transportation shorthand for intermodal exchange. elevator: A complex including storage facilities, computerized loading; inspection rooms and docks to load and unload dry bulk cargo such as grain or green coffee. warehouse: A place in which goods or merchandise is stored. maritime: (adjective) Located on or near the sea. In the container industry, containers are usually simply called boxes. If the final product is imported into the U.S., duties and taxes are not due until the goods are release into the U.S. market. project cargo: The materials and equipment to assemble a special project overseas, such as a factory or highway. LTL: Means a shipment that is "less than truckload". They are there to absorb the shock of a ship as it docks at the wharf and to protect the structural pilings that actually support the wharf. A single, standard barge can hold 1,500 tons of cargo or as much as either 15 railroad cars or 60 trucks can carry. Just as cargo is transported by barge from the shallower parts of the Mississippi River to the Port of New Orleans for export aboard ocean-going ships, LASH barges are lifted into these unusual ships. transit shed: The shed on a wharf is designed to protect cargoes from weather damage and is used only for short-term storage. If the box is on a chassis/trailer, it is a wheeled operation. Containers terminals may use a grounded or wheeled layout. A stevedore hires longshore labor to lift cargo between the ship and the dock, where the port’s laborers pick it up and bring it to the storage site. This "heavy lift" machinery may be installed aboard a ship designed just for such transport. Then several towboats will assemble the barges into tows bound for various ports and inland waterways, without the ship having to spend time traveling to each port. Corps of Engineers: This department of the U. S. Army is responsible for flood protection and providing safe navigation channels. demurrage: A penalty fee assessed when cargo isn’t moved off a wharf before the free time allowance ends. Governs construction specifications for ISO containers. See labor unions and longshoremen. Trailer On Flat Car (TOFC): A container placed on a chassis that is in turn placed on a railroad car. chock: A piece of wood or other material put next to cargo to prevent it from shifting. tractor-trailer: Some trucks are a solid unit, such as a van, but many have three main units. ABS: The American Bureau of Shipping is a U.S. classification society that certifies if a ship is in compliance with standard rules of construction and maintenance. container terminal: A specialized facility where ocean container vessels dock to discharge and load containers, equipped with cranes with a safe lifting capacity of 35-40 tons, with booms having an outreach of up to 120 feet in order to reach the outside cells of vessels. If the cargo box is placed directly on the ground, it is called a grounded operation. A wharf may have two or three berths, depending on the length of incoming ships. transshipment: The unloading of cargo at a port or point where it is then reloaded, sometimes into another mode of transportation, for transfer to a final destination. JIT: The abbreviation for "just in time," which is a way to minimize warehousing costs by having cargo shipped to arrive just in time for its use. captive cargo port: When most of a port’s inbound cargoes are being shipped short distances and most of its export products come from nearby areas, the port is called a captive cargo port. dockage: A charge by a port authority for the length of water frontage used by a vessel tied up at a wharf. Over time they expanded the variety of products they could provide to ships. Most such cranes operate on rail tracks and have articulating rail trucks on each of their four legs, enabling them to traverse along the terminal and work various bays on the vessel and for more than one crane to work a single vessel simultaneously. Members of a Board of Commissioners can be elected or appointed and usually serve for several years. Originally, chandlers (candle makers) provided illumination to ships. He will note shortages, overages or damage. Generally barges are pushed by towboats, not tugs. bonded warehouse: A building designated by U.S. Customs authorities for storage of goods without payment of duties to Customs until goods are removed. NVOCC: A non-vessel-owning common carrier that buys space aboard a ship to get a lower volume rate. apron: The area immediately in front of or behind a wharf shed on which cargo is lifted. ÐµÑ. pallet: A short wooden, metal or plastic platform on which package cargo is placed, then handled by a forklift truck. Warehouses operated by private firms house goods for longer periods. Grain elevator: Facility at which bulk grain is unloaded, weighed, cleaned, blended and exported. From the Port of New Orleans, line boats deliver cargo to Mid-America via the 14,500-mile waterway system flowing through the Crescent City. steamship line: A steamship (ocean carrier) service running on a particular international route. U. S. Army Corps of Engineers: See Corps of Engineers. Barges carry dry bulk (grain, coal, lumber, gravel, etc.) gjmach-chn.com. (See also: home port). Hostler (or hustler): A tractor, usually unlicensed, for moving containers within a yard. Vessel operators also handle the operation of vessels on behalf of owners. The Corps builds and maintains the levees, flood walls and spillways that keep major rivers out of low lying communities. steamship: Today, ships that transport cargo overseas are powered by diesel fuel instead of steam. 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Cargo is loaded into the metal box (container), which is loaded onto the wheel base called a chassis or a trailer. The tractor is the front part of the vehicle, also called a cab. operating port: At an operational port like Charleston, South Carolina, the port authority builds the wharves, owns the cranes and cargo-handling equipment and hires the labor to move cargo in the sheds and yards. containerization: The technique of using a container to store, protect and handle cargo while it is in transit. Many people still use the term "steamship," but the more modern term for the service is "ocean carrier" and for the ship itself, "motor vessel.". tugboat: Strong v-hull shaped boat used for maneuvering ships into and out of port and to carry supplies. Carrier: An individual, partnership or corporation engaged in the business of transporting goods or passengers (See also: ocean carrier.). cartage: Originally the process of transporting by cart. Used in stating the capacity of container vessel or storage area. Rubber-Tired Gantry (RTG): Traveling crane used for the movement and positioning of containers in a container field. An agent arranges for pilots; tug services; stevedores; inspections, etc., as well as, seeing that a ship is supplied with food, water, mail, medical services, etc. The maritime industry includes people working for transportation (ship, rail, truck and towboat/barge) companies, freight forwarders and customs brokers; stevedoring companies; labor unions; chandlers; warehouses; ship building and repair firms; importers/exporters; pilot associations, etc. Piggyback: A rail transport mode where a loaded truck trailer is shipped on a rail flatcar. railyard: A rail terminal at which occur traditional railroad activities for sorting and redistribution of railcars and cargo. A steamship agency does not own the ship. Conference rate: Rates arrived at by conference of carriers applicable to water transportation. Here's another set of Tarpaulin Templates in PSD format for birthday. breakbulk cargo: Non-containerized general cargo stored in boxes, bales, pallets or other units to be loaded onto or discharged from ships or other forms of transportation. feeder service: Ocean transport system involving use of centralized ports to assemble and disseminate cargo to and from ports within a geographic area. At the receiving port, the process is reversed. marine surveyor: Person who inspects a ship hull or its cargo for damage or quality. The maritime unions within ports can include locals of the larger union, such as the General Longshore Workers; Clerks and Checkers; Sack-sewers, Sweepers, Water boys and Coopers; Dock Loaders and Unloaders of Freight Cars and Barges; Dray Clerks, Weighers and Samplers; plus the Seafarer’s International Union; the National Maritime Union; the Marine Engineers’ Beneficial Association and the Teamsters. A ro/ro ship is designed with ramps that can be lowered to the dock so cars, buses, trucks or other vehicles can drive into the belly of the ship, rather than be lifted aboard. It is located about two miles (3 km) due east of the U.S. Capitol building, near the west bank of the Anacostia River and next to the D.C. Armory.Opened 60 years ago in 1961, it was owned by the federal government until 1986. Most terminals have direct rail access and container storage areas, and are served by highway carriers. Machinery, appliances, project cargoes and even recreational vehicles move on deck barges. mean high water (MHW): Highest average level water reaches on an outgoing tide. reefer: A container with refrigeration for transporting frozen foods (meat, ice cream, fruit, etc. Made In China Fiber Laser Cutting Machine. A barge is 200 feet long, 35 feet wide and has a draft of 9 feet. 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Fender piles are also called sacrifice piles since they are designed to be discarded after they are broken. ro/ro: Short for roll on/roll/off . Intermodal transportation uses few laborers and speeds up the delivery time. straddle carrier: Container terminal equipment, which is motorized and runs on rubber tires. freight forwarder: An individual or company that prepares the documentation and coordinates the movement and storage of export cargoes. Dead Weight Tonnage (DWT): Maximum weight of a vessel including the vessel, cargo and ballast. Barges have no locomotion and are pushed by towboats. In the zone, goods may be: stored; tested; sampled; repackaged or relabeled; cleaned; combined with other products; repaired or assembled, etc. mooring dolphin: A cluster of pilings to which a boat or barge ties up. hopper car: A freight car used for handling dry bulks, with an openable top and one or more openings on the bottom through which the cargo is dumped. 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